Authorship of the document [098]

Abstract

Encoding attributions of responsibility using <respLine>

Discussion

The WWP encodes attributions of responsibility (on the title page or at the head or end of a <div>) using the <respLine> element, which replaces the TEI element <byline>. The <respLine> element expresses a broader range of responsibility than simple authorship. It has the same content model as <byline>, and can appear wherever <byline> could appear, but it can be used to encode references to transcribers, reporters, petitioners, and other people and agencies having to do with the production of the text, as well as authors. Its chief use is on title pages and in other places where responsibility for textual production is expressed (for instance, the byline to a newspaper article or essay). It should not be confused with the <author> element, which is used within <bibl> to encode references to other works. <respLine> is only intended for those agents with responsibility for producing the work being transcribed.

The WWP has changed the name of the TEI <docAuthor> element to <docRole>, and has broadened its application to encode references to any of the participants in the document’s production and dissemination (including author, editor, translator, printer, publisher, bookseller) appearing on the title page. This element replaces <docAuthor>, <publisher>, <rs type="printer">, and so forth.

For the parts of the title page that deal with intellectual responsibility, <respLine> should be used to encode the entire block of text describing that responsibility: for instance “By a Lady”, “Written by Mrs. C. Smith”, “Set down and annotated by Rev. L. Jones”, and similar statements. Within <respLine>, the name of the author or other participants in the text’s production should be encoded with <docRole>. If the reference is with a proper name, this should be encoded with <persName> (or, if the author is an organization or collectivity, with <orgName> or <name>).

For parts of the title page dealing with the text’s physical production (publisher, bookseller, printer), no <respLine> is needed. <docRole> is used within <docImprint>.

As a rough formula for determining who’s who on the title page, we use the following:

In an imprint which states “Printed by X for Y”, X is the printer and Y is the publisher.

In an imprint which states “Printed for Y”, Y is the publisher.

In an imprint which states “Printed by X”, X is the printer.

In an imprint which states “Printed for X, Y, Z, and Q”, X, Y, Z, and Q are all publishers.

Examples

Example 1. <respline>By <docRole>a Lady</docRole></respline>

Example 2. <respline>By <docRole><persName>Jane Doe</persName></docRole>, author of <title>Female Poems on Several Occasions</title></respline>

Example 3. <respline>Orated by <docRole><persName>Henry Earl of Wigglesworth</persName></docRole> at his father’s birth</respline>

Example 4. <respline>Channelled by <docRole><orgName>The National Society of Channelers</orgName></docRole> and recorded by their secretary, <docRole><persName>Wilhelmina Bloomer</persName></docRole></respline>

Example 5. (a real example) <respline>compyled in frenche by <docRole><persName>lady Margarete quene of Navarre</persName></docRole>, and aptely translated into Englysh by the ryght vertuouse <docRole><persName>lady Elyzabeth</persName></docRole> daughter to our late soverayne <persName>Kynge Henri the viii</persName></respline>

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