The WWP frequently encounters instances of overlapping textual features, and we use the mechanisms provided by TEI to deal with them. This entry deals with overlapping <q>, <quote>, <l>, and <lg> elements.
It is important to note from the start that the WWP’s nesting of <q> and <quote> with <l> and <lg> is for practical purposes only and does not express any analytical perspective on the relationship of these things (for instance, on whether a speaker is quoting a poem or being quoted in a poem).
The TEI provides the part= attribute for <l> and <lg> for use in fragmenting and linking these elements to avoid overlap. The part= attribute may have the following values:
"I" for "initial"
"M" for "medial"
"F" for "final"
The WWP has also added the part= attribute to the <q> and <quote> elements to simplify their encoding in cases where no more complexity is needed. See example 1 below.
The TEI also provides for more complex cases the next= and prev= attributes on <l>, <q>, and <quote>. These require that each element fragment be given an id= to which the next= and prev= attributes can refer. The WWP uses this method for cases where part= is not adequate: for instance, in cases where a quotation is nested inside another quotation, making the identification of part sequences impossible. See example 3 below.
Example 1. Simple use of
part= for <q>
“I never thought,” said he, "that I’d live to see the day."
<p><q part="I">I never thought</q>, said he, <q part="F">that I’d live to see the day</q></p>
Example 2. Simple use of part= for <l> (a single line of
verse split between two <lg> elements)
<l>Hence my obeisance, my devotion hence,</l>
<l part="I">And hence my transport.</l></lg>
<lg type="verse.para"><l part="F">Nor should this, perchance,</l>
<l>Pass unrecorded, that I still had loved</l>
Example 3. More complex encoding using part= for the outer
quotation and next= and prev= for the inner quotation.
<l>I’ll tell thee how it came about</l>
<l>She fell upon me and turned me out.</l>
<l>I cried <q id="q01" next="q02">But surely you’re mistaken,</q></l>
<l><q id="q02" prev="q01">To leave me thus poor and forsaken</q></l>
<l>But nothing did my words avail.</l>
<l>Jane paused for breath in great travail</l>
<l>But then resumed, no whit deterred,</l>
<l>I thought perhaps she hadn’t heard.</l>